The Githiga Factory (wetmill) is located in Muranga in Central Kenya. Muranga is the neighboring county of Nyeri, so the coffees have similar cup profiles to the Nyeri coffees – intense, complex, and flavor dense. It is made up of mainly smallholder farms, each with 200 trees in average. They are organized in Cooperative Societies that acts as umbrella organizations for the factories (wetmills), where the smallholders deliver their coffee cherries for processing.
There is a lot of competition in the area, and many of the farmers are surrounded by several wetmills. They are free to choose where they want to deliver their cherries as members. Due to the traditional auction system in Kenya, quality is rewarded with higher prices. The better factories will then attract more farmers by producing coffee getting the highest prices, as well as giving high payback rate to the farmers. This can in some cases be about 90% of the sales price after cost of marketing and preparation is deducted.
Red apple, cherry, plum, pear.
Region: Githiga factory, Kirinyaga
Altitude: 1700 masl
Farmers: Approximately 980 small farms in the surrounding area.
Varietals: Mainly SL 28 and SL 34, and some Ruiru 11
Process: All coffees are pulped, dry fermented, washed, soaked and sundried. Cherries are hand sorted for unripes and overripes by the farmers before they go in to production. A disc pulping machine removes the skin and pulp. The coffees are graded by density in to 3 grades by the pulper. Grade 1 and 2 go separately to fermentation. Grade 3 is considered low grade. The coffee is fermented for 16-24 hours under closed shade. After fermentation the coffees are washed and again graded by density in washing channels and are then soaked under clean water for 16-18 hours.
Drying: Sun dried up to 21 days on African drying beds. Coffees are covered in plastic during midday and at night.
Soil: Mainly Nitisol. Nitisols occur in highlands and on volcanic steep slopes. They are developed from volcanic rocks and have better chemical and physical properties than other tropical soils.